Syria is currently engaged in a series of armed conflicts. First, the Syrian government is engaged in several non-international armed conflicts against a wide array of rebel groups. Second, there is arguably an international armed conflict between Syria and members of the US-led international coalition and Turkey. Finally, there is arguably a military occupation of parts of northern Syria by Turkey.
Syria is currently a party to a series of armed conflicts.
- Supported by Hezbollah and Russia, Syria is engaged in a series of non-international armed conflicts on its territory against a a wide array of rebel groups, including the Islamic State group, the Free Syrian Army, and Kurdish militia.
- Since September 2014, Syria is also involved in an international armed conflict with the international coalition led by the United States because they have been targeting the Islamic State group on Syrian territory without the latter's consent. Identical Letters Dated 17 September 2015 From the Permanent Representative of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations Addressed to the Secretary General and the President of the Security Council, UN doc S/2015/719, 21 September 2015. Currently, the coalition led by the United States includes Australia, Belgium, Germany, France, Jordan, the Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom. Turkey became a party to the international armed conflict with Syria in July 2015 after it launched its first airstrikes against Islamic State group targets in Syria.
- Part of Syria's territory is currently occupied by Turkey.
- After the Syrian government's use of chemical weapons, the United States conducted missile strikes against a Syrian Air Force airfield on 7 April 2017, leading to a short-lived international armed conflict between the United States and Syria. U. S. Department of Defense, 'Statement from Pentagon Spokesman Capt. Jeff Davis on U.S. Strike in Syria', Press Release, 6 April 2017; S. Almukhtar, K. K. R. Lai, S. Peçanha and K. Yourish, 'Mapping the Targets of the American Military Attack on Syria', The New York Times, 7 April 2013.