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Border countries: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Turkey

Armenia occupies part of Azerbaijan’s territory, the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

Armenia is involved in an armed conflict with Azerbaijan due to its occupation of Azerbaijani territory, the region of Nagorno-Karabakh. On account of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, the relationship between Armenia and Azerbaijan remains tense. Armed clashes along the ceasefire line established in 1994 remain common. In April 2016, particularly heavy clashes occurred during four days, leading to dozen of deaths. For further information, see A. Bellal, The War Report. Armed Conflicts in 2016, Geneva Academy, March 2017 p 42; International Crisis Group, Nagorno-Karabakh: New Opening, or More Peril?, Report No 239, 4 July 2016; S. Tisdall, ‘Azerbaijan-Armenia Conflict is a Reminder of Europe’s Instability’, The Guardian, 3 April 2016; ‘Nagorno-Karbakh’s War. A Frozen Conflict Explodes’, The Economist, 9 April 2016.

Last updated: Wednesday 6th September 2017