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Ukraine

Border countries: Belarus, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia

Parts of Ukrainian territory, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, are occupied by Russia. Since spring 2014, Ukraine has been involved in non-international armed conflicts on its territory against the self-proclaimed 'People's Republics' of Donetsk and Luhansk'.

Ukraine is currently involved in a series of armed conflicts on its territory.

  • First, Russia is occupying parts of Ukrainian territory, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol ('Crimea').
  • Second, since spring 2014, Ukraine has been involved in non-international armed conflicts against the self-proclaimed 'People's Republics' of Donetsk and Luhsank in eastern Ukraine. although evidence suggests that Russia is providing training, equipment, and weapons to the rebels, such support does not amount to overall control and hence does not affect the classification of the conflicts. For further information on the notion of overall control, see the section on Control over proxy forces under Classification - Contemporary Challenges.
  • Third, there is a parallel internaitonal armed conflict between Russia and Ukraine.

Ukraine derogated from the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights on account of the occupation of Crimea and the ongoing armed conflicts. Depositary Notification, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Ukraine: Notification under Article 4(3), Reference C.N.416.2015.Treaties-IV.4, 5 June 2015, and  Note Verbale, Permanent Representation of Ukraine to the Council of Europe, Declaration Concerning Article 15 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedom,  JJ7979C, Tr./005-185, 10 June 2015.

Last updated: Monday 27th March 2017