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Mozambique is party to parallel non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) against respectively splinter groups of RENAMO and the so-called group Al-Shabab.

Parallel NIACs are taking place in Mozambique:

  • Between 1977 and 1992, Mozambique has been torn by the so-called Mozambiquan civil war, fought by between Marxist Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO), which was ruling the country at the time, Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO), namely anti-communist insurgents, and a number of smaller groups. In 2013, new tensions emerged between FRELIMO and RENAMO as the latter withdrew from the peace agreement signed in 1992. This led to a new NIAC. While RENAMO and the government signed a peace agreement in 2019, a number of members of the opposition group refused to recognize the agreement and have been carrying out armed attacks against state forces. Since then, a number of RENAMO splinter groups, such as the RENAMO Military Junta, have been fighting against Mozambiquan troops.
  • Since the end of 2017, Mozambique has been engaging in a NIAC against the so-called Al-Shabab group, affiliated to the Islamic State (IS) in the northern part of the country, notably in Cabo Delgado region. The group has conducted military operations in Tanzania as well.
Last updated: Monday 27th September 2021