Jordan is involved in the non-international armed conflicts against the Islamic State group by undertaking airstrikes in Iraq and Syria as part of the international coalition led by the United States. It is also involved in the international armed conflict in Syria and the non-international armed conflicts in Yemen.
Jordan is currently a party to a series of armed conflicts. For further information on who is considered a party to an armed conflict, see ‘contemporary challenges – multinational forces: who is a party to the conflict?’ in our classification section.
- Jordan is a party to the non-international armed conflict in Syria against the Islamic State group. As part of the international coalition led by the United States, Jordan initiated air strikes against Islamic State group targets in Syria in September 2014. H. Cooper and E. Schmitt, 'Airstrikes by U.S. and Allies Hit ISIS Targets in Syria', The New York Times, 22 September 2014; R. al Sabbagh, 'Jordan's IS Airstrike Takes Public by Surprise', Al-Monitor, 3 October 2014.
- Due to its airstrikes in Syria without the consent of the Syrian government, Jordan is also a party to the international armed conflict in Syria. On the relevance of consent for conflict classification, see 'contemporary challenges - relevance of consent' in our classification section.
- Jordan is a party to the non-international armed conflict in Iraq against the Islamic State group. Initially believed to participate only in airstrikes inside Syria, Jordan extended its airstrikes into Iraq in February 2015 afte the execution of a Jordan fighter pilot captured by the Islamic State group. D. Stanglin and M. W. Welch, 'Jordan Pounds Islamic State Targets Inside Iraq, Syria', USA Today, 5 February 2015; see also C.Mills, ISIS/Daesh: The Military Response in Iraq and Syria, Commons Briefing Papers SN06995, 9 November 2016, pp 24-25.
- As a member of the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen, Jordan is also a party to the non-international armed conflict against the Houthis in Yemen. For further information on who is a party to the conflict, see 'contemporary challenges - who is a party?' in our classification section. In this sense, see Final Report of the Panel of Experts on Yemen Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 2140 (2014), UN doc S/2017/81, para 29.