Bahrain is a member of the Saudi-led coalition that intervenes on the side of the Yemeni government in the non-international armed conflict against the Houthis.
Bahrain is a member of the Saudi-led coalition that launched airstrikes against the Houthis in Yemen in March 2015 and deployed ground troops to Yemen as part of a Saudi-led offensive in Autumn 2015. 'Saudi Arabia Claims Success in Airstrikes on Yemen', Al Jazeera, 5 March 2015; 'Scores of Gulf Troops Killed in Yemen', Al-Jazeera, 5 September 2015. Accordingly, Bahrain is a party to the non-international armed conflicts in Yemen. For further information on who is considered a party to an armed conflict, see ‘contemporary challenges – multinational forces: who is a party to the conflict?’ in our classification sectionFor further information on who is a party to the conflict, see 'contemporary challenges - who is a party?' in our classification section. The Panel of Experts on Yemen arrived at the same conclusion, see Final Report of the Panel of Experts on Yemen Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 2140 (2014), UN doc S/2017/81, footnote 18.
At the outset of the US-led airstrikes against the Islamic State group in Syria, Bahrain reportedly participated in the airstrikes. However, they no longer seem to be involved in military action against the Islamic State group in Syria. P. Baker, 'In Airstrikes, U.S. Targets Militant Cell Said to Plot Attacks Against the West', New York Times, 23 September 2014. U.S. Central Command lists the number of airstrikes by Bahrain as 3, which further indicates that they are no longer participating. Moreover, a November 2016 research report no longer lists Bahrain as a country that contributes militarily to the campaign against the Islamic State group in Syria, see C.Mills, ISIS/Daesh: The Military Response in Iraq and Syria, Commons Briefing Papers SN06995, 9 November 2016.